Commercial Space Program: It’s Rescue Operation on Third State and Problems in International Law
J Civil Legal Sci 2018,7: 251. 7:2, (0)
Nothing to say about delhi because this city is full of love and food. But one thing is very new to me about food. Today I am going to unlock the secret of free food in Delhi.
Yesterday I was going to buy some fish to the fish market in Karol bag. I was on a Riksha on my way. Somewhere in Karol bag my Rikshawala stopped, I asked him why you stopped. He answered me nothing instead of asked me " would you like to take tea." I said no because in an unfamiliar place I cannot take anything from an unknown person. But I do not know what I was thinking at that time and one minute later I said yes.
The rikshawala brought a cup of tea for me and one cup of tea one bread pakora for him. After finishing the tea I asked him how is the bill? He replied to me that it was free food. I surprised and asked who was providing those free food?
The rikshawala replied to me that free food has been distributed by sheiks. The I decided to observe the beautiful event.
I saw a little girl who was distributing bread pakora whith her grandfather. One person was serving free among people. I asked them why you are distributing this free food among people? The oldest sheik answered to me that it is nothing but humanity. He also told me that he had no time to talk now, he'll explain it later to me but I had no time to spent some extra time. I take my road with the same riksha and saw another sheik was distributing Briani but I had no time to test it.
I leave the place with very positive mind and I hope to come back again for the food for humanity. No more today, because new year Eve is today I would like to enjoy this new year in Delhi with beautiful girls. Happy new year 2015.
I am in Delhi again. Last time when I had been in Delhi the weather was very rude and very hot. But now the situation is very much different. it is very cold in Delhi. It is chilling out there.
This time I made my trip to Taj Mahal. The most beautiful thing I have ever saw. I do not know how to express the emotion but when I've been in Taj it seem to me that I was a time traveller . I went to the age of mughols and I was a little follower of shjahan. oho I become emotional. How I can forget to tell about Delhi?
Delhi, the city of fort, the city of beautiful and hot girls, the city of multi culture. Delhi is a very big city equipped with everything what every people's need. You can enjoy night life in a lot of hot bars or if you want take the test of street food then you can. One thing is very important to tell about Delhi ....... huuuu it is tea. There are lots of tea stalls in the city. Tests are different from are to area too. And of course teas are very very testy to drink.
No more today. I am going to enjoy night life in Delhi now. good by for today.
আমি গর্ব করে বলছি আমি একজন আইনজীবী। আমি অন্যের কষ্টকে আনন্দে বদলাই। তার বিনিময়ে আমার জীবণ চালানোর জন্য অর্থ গ্রহন করি। এই কথাগুলো শুধু আমার জন্য সত্য নয় বরং সকল আইনজীবির জন্যই সত্য।
আমরা অন্যের কষ্টকে আনন্দে রুপন্তর করব আর তার বিনিময়ে আমরা কিছু পাব না, এটা কি হতে পারে? না হতে পারে না। কারন আমাদেরও তো অন্য সবার মত জীবন আছে, স্ত্রী, বাবা-মা, ভাই-বোন আছে। তাদেরকে আনন্দে রাখাটাও আমাদের দায়িত্ব।
বর্তমানে বেশকিছু মানুষ আসেন আমাদের কাছে কাজ করান কিন্ত অর্থ দেবার সময় মনে কেরন আমরা তাদের জন্য বিনামূল্যে কাজ করে দিব। এটা খুবই অন্যয়। আমার মূল্যবান সময় তার জন্য ব্যয় করলাম আর সে কিনা আমটর শ্রমটা সস্তা মনে করছে।
এর একটা উপযুক্ত কারনও অবশ্য আছে। বর্তমানে বেশ কিছু উকিল আছেন যারা খুব কম অর্থে কাজ করার কথা বলন, কিন্তু বাস্তবে কাজ সম্পাদন করতে তারা অপারগ। আর এর জন্যই আজ আমাদের এই মহান পেশার এই অবস্থা।
I am a lawyer. I love my job. But jot is not everything in a life. I dream a girl who will love me no no not only love me but love me from her Hart. But now I realized that is nothing but my only dream. There in no true love in the world.
Love is for them who are successful. I have no success now. I am junior lawyer now. So, there is no girl who is waiting for me to love me. I am a lonely person.
Here is the Result of 8th BJS Preliminary Examination, 2013 . Congratulation for the passed candidates.
ARTICLE 7 of the Constitution embodies the wishes and will of the nation which fought a bloody Liberation War in 1971. All powers in the Republic belong to the people, and their exercise on behalf of the people shall be effected only under, and by the authority of the Constitution. The Constitution is the solemn expression of the will of the people, the supreme law of the Republic. (Article 7). This Article is a statute of liberty, supremacy of law and rule of law. Anwar Hossain Chowdhury & ors. vs. Bangladesh 41 DLR (AD) 165, 220. Parliament is the creation of this Constitution and all powers follow from this article. (ibid at page 220). This Article is a happy conjunction of the will of the people and the supremacy of the Constitution. The Bengali nation suffered not only under the British but also in Pakistan time under different Martial Law periods.
In fact there was never any democracy here in Pakistan time. The Constitution of 1956 could not be implemented and before any election took place Ayub Khan's Martial Law came into effect. When that Martial Law was overthrown, Yahya Khan succeeded as the new dictator. When the results of the December 1970 elections were announced, the dictators and their autocratic friends conspired to thwart democracy by not recognising and giving power to the elected representatives. It is this denial of democratic recognition that finally led to the struggle for a separate homeland for the Bengalis.
What the Bengalis fought for was therefore democracy, rule of law and people's rights. The Constitution is a pious embodiment of these wishes. The fundamental rights are mentioned and are enforceable in the writ jurisdiction of the Supreme Court which also checks any action by the executive which has been done illegally or without lawful authority.
The Constitution has undergone certain changes and currently we may be seeing another. However the basic spirit of freedom, rule of law etc are still there. The Supreme Court has defended the structural pillar of the constitution in Anwar Hossain's case (above) holding that the basic tenets of the judicial system cannot be changed.
While we were always having interruptions in the working of a democratic government there is one silver lining in the cloud. Neither Ayub Khan's regime nor Ershad's Martial Law Government defied any order of the Superior Courts. Thus, we saw the Supreme Court of Pakistan affirm the Dacca High Court's judgment in Fazlul Quader Chowdhury vs. Mohd. Abdul Hoque PLD (1964) S.C. 486 which declared the parliamentary seat of a prominent minister to have been vacated. The autocratic regime complied with the decision. Similarly the Pakistan Supreme Court and the then East Pakistan High Court constantly protected the freedom of movement and liberty against arbitrary arrests under the umbrella of the Defence of Pakistan Rules by holding that the "Satisfaction" of the detaining authority will be objective and not subjective.
The Courts called for the particular records of the case and if the judges found that the arrest was not on objective ground, the detention was set aside. This principle has constantly been followed in cases of detention under the Special Powers Act in Bangladesh. General Ershad's government bowed
down to the decision of the Appellate Division when the Court held that the High Court Division can not be bifurcated into seven permanent benches. (Anwar Hossain Chowdhury's case. ibid).
It is with deep anguish we note today that the democratic values are being eroded. Judiciary is yet to be separated. Murders go on unabated and crimes are alarmingly on the increase. Immediately all of us blame the law enforcing agencies for failure to check crimes but have we pondered to think that the members of the law enforcing agencies as well as the criminals are nothing but part and parcel of our society. Why is it that we need special draconian laws like the Nari Nirjatan Ain, Druto Bichar Ain which strike terror into the hearts of any prisoner because of the psyche that an accused "should" be guilty if he/she is arrested or tried under those laws. Other countries do not have parallel laws and yet do they not fare better when law and order is concerned ? Laws do not protect the rights of the people in the end but the heart and head do. As long as we do not think of breaking the law and conform to the rule of law which means that everybody should be treated equally before law, democratic values will prevail. For, democracy means rule of the people but that "rule" is according to the law of the land which flows from the Constitution of which the fountain head is Article 7.
Why is it that Bangladesh is the only country which needs a caretaker government headed by non elected persons to see the country through an election. Erosion of democratic values which we learnt in our Civics books written and based on English principles in the early years after the British left has been so naked that every political party has accepted that none of them can be trusted to conduct an election fairly. The Nation prefers that election be conducted by a retired Chief Justice who having retired at 65 is deemed to be physically unfit to remain a judge but is found for that very reason to be fit enough to run a country in the crucial period !
Further, after any election, there is always a protest by the losing side that the election was rigged. No one has the democratic sense to accept the results. This intolerance continues and the Ruling Party, whoever it is, becomes busy in arresting the members of the Opposition and the Opposition clamours for mid term election without waiting for the five year period to finish. Democracy means rule of the people for the people and by the people but above all toleration and a patience to wait until the next election.
Similarly the losing party with scant feeling towards working the democracy does not attend the Parliament except when it is necessary to keep their seats. They forget that they are elected and democracy cannot function when there is no opposition in the Parliament. They take their emoluments and duty free cars but do not fulfill the promise made to the electorate that they will represent them in the Parliament. Even if the Party in Power does not give them enough scope to ventilate their views, they should attend the Parliament. Democratic values are lost in the pathetic war of words. Our heart saddens further when we see the same pattern reflected whoever is in power or opposition. They call hartals which chokes the nation's economy and then proclaim that it is successful and thank the people
for it. Their only weapon is fear of the car and shop owners of unlawful harm. Hartals emanate from "Satyagrahas" and "Foreign Goods Boycott" of Mahatma Gandhi in the early 1920's who however promptly called them off when these were enforced by violence. A lesson to be learnt here.
This must mean that as a nation we lack the sense of toleration that is needed for a functioning democracy and we are unfit to govern ourselves democratically. Democracy in the third world countries may be different from those found in developed countries but why is it that we are so unique in ignoring the democratic values ? What jolt do we need to correct ourselves ? Within three years of the Constitution we had a one party government and a string of Martial Laws which ended when people of all hues and colours woke up and took to the streets.
But then immediately the rot started and we are lamenting increasingly about the deteriorating law and order and the brazen brushing aside of the spirit that the framers of the Constitution fondly inserted in Article 7 namely that the will of the People is supreme. We equate the will of the "People" with the desire for "Power" and its abuse and we do not treat our election commitments to represent the electorate seriously.
The spirit to work together and the democratic values are something not tangible but we cannot go on ignoring the same with impunity. Article 7 must be honoured in practice.
Dr. M. Zahir,The author is Barrister at Law, Senior Advocate, Supreme Court.
Money is loudest instrument in the world. without it every possible thing we can think could not be thins. It brings happiness and make our life more easier and comfortable. But did you ever thought why every person want it?
It is the most wanted thing in the universe. People dies without thought for money. It gives power who have it. It has an ability to buy almost everything in the world.
Money : Why it is the greatest motivator ?Ask yourself, why you have to work? You can find some answers for the question like, to eat, to live, to make your life more comfortable. People work hard because they want those things. But continuous hard work can make you mental disorder person and encourage you to leave work. One thing that can motivate you to work. It is money, because with it you can buy every kind of thing in the world.
Money and My experience:I finished my LLB and LLM. I am also a lawyer of Dhaka Court. But the problem is I have never been any court. As a result I had some problems with the court. As a result I would not like to go to court.
But the scenario is now changing. I am going to court everyday. But why I am going to court everyday? Because I get some money for everyday work. And need money very seriously now. At Court, sometimes I thought I will never back to court again. But when my censor give me money at the end of the day I become motivated and decide to go back to court for next day. That is why money motivated me to go back every day to court because I need money.
This is my story and why it is motivating me. What is your story about why and how money is motivating you ?
Md. Mozammel Haque
LL.B. Rajshahi University, Rajshahi, Bangladesh.
Bangladesh Bar Council License (District: Kushtia) 1983
Bangladesh Bar Council License (High Court) 1989
Kushtia Bar Association
High Court Bar Association
Election commissioner Kushtia District Chamber of Commerce.
AREAS OF PRACTICE:
All kind of civil Cases
PROFESSIONAL EMPLOYMENT HISTORY:
1989 – Islamic Bank Kushtia, Bangladesh selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2001- Bangladesh House Building Finance Corporation Kushtia selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2004- Uttora Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2005- Pubali Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2008- Jamuna Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2008- EXIM Bank kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2010- NCC Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2010- Standard Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
2010- Dutch-Bangla Bank Kushtia Limited selected as a Panel Lawyer.
You can give here your legal treatises.
“Dying Declaration” Published on Lawinbd
Over 800 Civil cases in Kushtia Court.
Give more than 2,500 Legal opinion for various Banks.
Made more than 3,500 Legal Deeds for on investment under Bank and company law, Registration law etc.
system of rules
1 (also the law) [U] the whole system of rules that everyone in a country or society must obey:
If they entered the building they would be breaking the law. * In Sweden it is against the law to hit a child. * Defence attorneys can use any means within the law to get their client off. * British schools are now required by law to publish their exam results. * The reforms have recently become law. * Do not think you are above the law (= think that you cannot be punished by the law). * the need for better law enforcement * (humorous) Kate's word was law in the Brown household.
2 [U] a particular branch of the law:
company / tax law * He specializes in international law.
see also CANON LAW, CASE LAW, CIVIL LAW, COMMON LAW, PRIVATE LAW, STATUTE LAW
3 [C] ~ (on sth) | ~ (against sth) a rule that deals with a particular crime, agreement, etc:
the 1996 law against the hiring of illegal immigrants * The government has introduced some tough new laws on food hygiene. * strict gun / licensing laws * a federal / state law * to pass a law (= officially make it part of the law) * (spoken) There ought to be a law against it!
see also BY-LAW, LICENSING LAWS
subject / profession
4 [U] the study of the law as a subject at university, etc.; the profession of being a lawyer:
Jane is studying law. * (AmE) He's in law school. * (BrE) He's at law school. * What made you go into law? * a law firm
5 (the law) [sing.] used to refer to the police and the legal system:
Jim is always getting into trouble with the law. * She was well known for her brushes with the law.
of organization / activity
6 [C] one of the rules which controls an organization or activity:
the laws of the Church * The first law of kung fu is to defend. * the laws of cricket * the laws of war
of good behaviour
7 [C] a rule for good behaviour or how you should behave in a particular place or situation:
moral laws * the unspoken laws of the street
in business / nature / science
8 [C] the fact that sth always happens in the same way in an activity or in nature:
the laws of supply and demand * the law of gravity
9 [C] a scientific rule that sb has stated to explain a natural process:
the first law of thermodynamics
see also MURPHY'S LAW, PARKINSON'S LAW, SOD'S LAW, LEGAL, LEGALIZE, LEGISLATE
be a law unto yourself to behave in an independent way and ignore rules or what other people want you to do:
Boys of that age are a law unto themselves.
go to law (BrE) to ask a court of law to settle a problem or disagreement:
They went to law to get back their property.
law and order a situation in which people obey the law and behave in a peaceful way:
The government struggled to maintain law and order. * After the riots, the military was brought in to restore law and order. * They claim to be the party of law and order.
the law of averages the principle that one thing will happen as often as another if you try enough times:
Keep applying and by the law of averages you'll get a job sooner or later.
the law of the jungle a situation in which people are prepared to harm other people in order to succeed:
These criminal gangs only recognize the law of the jungle.
lay down the law to tell sb what they should or should not do, in a forceful way:
My dad started laying down the law about what time I should come home.
take the law into your own hands to do sth illegal in order to punish sb for doing sth wrong, instead of letting the police deal with them:
After a series of burglaries in the area, the police are worried that residents might take the law into their own hands.
there's no law against sth (spoken) used to tell sb who is criticizing you that you are not doing anything wrong:
I'll sing if I want to-there's no law against it.
more at LETTER n., RULE n., WRONG adj.
Md. Shahnewaz Zwaki Advocate Judge Court, Dhaka, Bangladesh.